While operators who no longer exist have their history listed in detail in the Operators section, there are some who only exist on paper, as they never made it off the ground.
Note that almost all applications were made under the company's formal name, and in most cases a trading name would have been developed before the services opened.
Building Agreement Applications
The following developers applied to build one of the Ministry's proposed services, but were unsuccessful. Reasons are detailed on each service area's page.
The original firms surveyed are not included here, and neither are firms who asked to be involved but never produced a service area plan. This list is not complete.
Airborne Catering Ltd
The company responsible for the catering at Gatwick made a number of bids to operate the early services. Despite their poor plans and worrying finances, with every bid they got more ambitious, but were still always outbid.
They bid for:
Banquets of Oxford Ltd
The Forton bid was made under the name 'Banquets Catering Ltd'.
Normand Ltd (J Lyons)
Property Investments Consolidation
Developers who only bid once
- A S Mallin: Watford Gap
- AVP Industries Ltd: Scratchwood
- British Electric Traction Investments Ltd: Newport Pagnell
- Fosse Motor Company: Leicester Forest East
- Grand Metropolitan Motorway Service: Scratchwood
- J Davy Limited: Watford Gap
- John Jordan: Newport Pagnell
- John Willment Automobiles: Heston
- Kenwell Motor Services: Leicester Forest East
- Knutsford Motors Ltd: Watford Gap
- Loxhams Garage: Charnock Richard
- Messrs Wildman & Partners: Newport Pagnell
- Potteries Motor Traction Co. Ltd (a subsidiary of British Electric Traction): Keele
- R. H. Banks Esq: Toddington
- Shadsworth Garage Ltd: Charnock Richard
- Smerhursts: Aust (withdrawn)
- Telefusion Ltd: Forton
- W. Blamire: Charnock Richard
- W.H. Turner Properties: Heston
Since services were deregulated, private developers would often plan their own services, in the hope their successful plan would be taken up by an operator. It can therefore be assumed most of these would have gone on to be owned by a mainstream operator - but maybe not.